In accordance with the guarantee for municipal self-administration, communes are tasked with the provision of public services and a secure livelihood to their citizens to the best extent of their abilities. To do this, an extensive real estate portfolio is created. Included in this portfolio, which secures the services to the public, are administrative buildings, community centres or sports centres and particularly residential buildings. This type of real estate is of special social importance, as it secures a basic need for a segment of the population which is limited in securing living space in the general real estate market otherwise. Given the current precarious financial situation of the public sector, there is a significant deficit particularly in the areas of preservation, expansion and renovation of public real estate.
There is a lack of both systematic maintenance strategies of individual existing buildings as well as a sustainable portfolio strategy for the communal real estate inventory as a whole. These should be adjusted according to the impacts of demographic change, which results in a changed demand in living space characteristics in the form of either self-use residential properties or rental properties. Additionally, technical requirements such as living in energy efficient and user-friendly buildings, the use of renewable energies in buildings, technologically assisted support-systems (Ambient Assisted Living – AAL), as well as sustainable and comfortable materials and technologies have to be considered. This also requires the development of industrialized building methods in existing buildings such that the existing building substance is regenerated according to the Closed Substance Life-Cycle Resource Management Act.
The new management models stipulate a transfer of economic elements on public administration, which includes the use of strategic management and controlling instruments as well as double-entry bookkeeping. Today’s conception of an activating state and the opening of the public sector to the market necessitate an increased performance orientation and efficiency in the production of public goods. The largest part of these fixed assets are municipal properties which have to be developed efficiently according to demand. The aspect of privatization has to be considered when doing this.
This requires methods and tools for the individual strategy development, which are to be devised in this project.
PokIm designed methods and tools for the strategic management of technically high-quality, demand-, socially-, and environmentally-oriented and thus sustainable development in the high-rise sector for the real estate portfolio of public authorities (real estate such as residential properties, schools, kindergartens, sports centres, hospitals, administrative buildings, …). In doing this, concepts, products, and services which improve the quality of life of citizens by connecting new technologies with the social environment (AAL), are to be incorporated and developed.
The aim of the projects to resolve the deficits in real estate management in the public sector with special consideration of sustainable aspects and new management models.
The project seeks to develop methods and tools for the portfolio management of communal real estate via indicators which allow for a decision making of the municipality on the basis of the local situation and with consideration of regional developments. Based on the solution-oriented instruments, municipalities should be able to develop custom-fit measures for their own real estate management.
Sponsors BMBF (FKZ 16I1599)
- TU Darmstadt – Institute of Construction and Building Materials (Prof. H. Garrecht)
- TU Darmstadt – Institute of Construction Technologies and Management (Prof. Ch. Motzko)
Projects Duration 01.10.2009 – 30.09.2011